How Long Should Stents Stay In Kidney - (2023)

How Long Do You Stay In The Hospital After Having A Stent Put In

URETERAL STENTS FOR KIDNEY STONE SURGERY | How to remove ureteral stents at home

Watch this video, provided courtesy of Boston Scientific Corporation, to learn more. Recovery from angioplasty and stenting is typically brief. Discharge from the hospital is usually 12 to 24 hours after the catheter is removed. Many patients are able to return to work within a few days to a week after a procedure.

When Should I Call The Hospital Or My General Practitioner

  • When you have a fever higher than 38.5°C
  • When you experience a serious burning sensation when urinating
  • When you are unable to urinate
  • When you see large amounts of blood in your urine and it does not go away with rest and hydration
  • When you continue to have severe pain in your side, despite the use of pain medication

Tell your doctor right away if bleeding or pain is severe or if problems last longer or worsen after you go home from the hospital.

Your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic to treat or prevent an infection or to relieve your pain. Report any signs of infectionincluding severe pain, chills, or feverto your doctor right away.

Do You Have To Have A Stent Inserted After Lithotripsy

I have a huge concern with the stent portion of this. After much research on and off the web, it seems out of all patients that have had a stent inserted post lithotripsy, about 80% to 90% of the time it has resulted in extreme pain and discomfort. To me, it seems like this technology is not yet ready for prime time.

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Changes In Your Lifestyle

Even if you have a low risk of forming another stone, your doctor and nurse will advise you to make some lifestyle changes.

Lifestyle changes may include:

  • Increasing fluid intake: Drink 2.5-3.0 litres per day to neutralise the pH of your urine
  • Adopting a balanced diet with less meat and alcohol and more vegetables and fibre to have normal calcium levels and less intake of animal proteins
  • Maintaining a healthy weight and adequate physical activity

Can I Work With A Ureteral Stent

How Long Should Stents Stay In Kidney - (1)

Yes, you can continue your normal activities with a stent in place. Though there may be some physical discomfort, a stent will not physically limit you.

Lifting, or reaching your hands above your head repeatedly may cause bleeding, or worsening bleeding that may already be present. This is related to increased irritation of the stent on your bladder.

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How Long Am I Going To Have The Stent In Place

The length of time the stent will remain inside your ureter depends on the reason it was placed. They should only be removed in the timeframe recommended by your physician, not any sooner or later.

  • Pre-stone treatment usually a week or two prior to surgery
  • Post- stone treatment
  • After a simple ureteroscopy where the stone and any fragments were removed: 2-3 days
  • After Lithotripsy : 7-14 days.
  • Due to an outside force putting pressure on the ureter by a tumor or other growth:
  • Up to 3 months, and depending on if the growth will be removed, a stent can be left in place for years. However, stents must be changed on a regular basis of every 3-4 months.
  • Due to a stricture, or narrow ureter:
  • This will depend on the treatment planned by you and your physician and can vary.
  • What Is A Ureter

    A ureter is the tube-like structure that transports the urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder.Ureters run vertically in the mid-part of the abdomen. Typically there is one ureter for each kidney. Some people are born with two ureters to one kidney or two ureters to both kidneys. This is called duplication.

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    How Does A Kidney Stent Affect Daily Activities

    A patient with a stent can perform most activities with little or no problems. There are some situations, however, where having a stent can affect daily activities. Let us look at some of the activities that can be affected by a stent inserted in the urinary tract.

    • Physical activities and sports – Provided the underlying kidney condition and your health allows it, most patients can carry on with various physical activities while the stent is in place. However, some discomfort may be experienced in the kidney area and passing of blood in the urine, especially if sports and strenuous physical activities are involved. Sometimes side effects associated with a stent can make you feel more tired than normal. It is advisable to moderate physical activities while the stent is in place.

    • Work activities – Depending on the nature of work, it is possible to continue to work normally with an inserted stent. However, work that involves strenuous physical activities may have to be limited, since it can cause some discomfort. Occasionally side effects, such as urinary symptoms and pain associated with the stent, may cause a patient to feel tired. If the stent causes significant problems, it may be advisable for a patient discuss their situation with their manager and colleagues, so that possible temporary adjustments can be made to the patient’s work schedule.

    How Long Does It Stay In My Body

    Kidney Stent Removal – Cystoscopy – My Transplant Lifestyle

    This depends on why the stent was placed and what type of stent was used. Your doctor may recommend a stent for as little as a few days or for 6 months or longer. If you need a stent for several months, it may have to be replaced. Double J stents last 3-6 months, but metal stents are usually used for longer. Nephrostomy tubes and extra-anatomic stents may be more permanent. 6

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    What Happens After Bile Duct Stent Removal

    After the procedure You need to lie on your right side for at least six hours to reduce the risk of bleeding. To ensure the proper functioning of the stent, you will be frequently assessed for changes in stool or urine color, jaundice, itching and abnormal liver functions, which indicates a narrowing of the bile duct.

    What To Expect If You Receive An Ureteral Stent

    By Dr. Anand Shantha, M.D.

    A ureteral stent is most often used during the treatment of stone and occasionally with other surgery involving the urinary tract.

    The experts at Georgia Urology have lots of experience in placing and removing stents, so check out our guide on this common medical procedure below.

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    How Long Do The Stents Stay In My Body

    It depends on the original cause of the disease process. Indwelling times may range from a few days for relief of ureteral oedema , to the duration of the patients life for maintenance of ureteral patency in obstruction from neighbouring cancer. Regardless of the stent composition, manufacturers usually recommend exchange of stents at 3 to 6 month intervals, and studies have shown that the prevalence of complications increases with longer indwelling times Your consultant will be able to advise you on this.

    When Might I Need A Ureteral Stent

    How Long Should Stents Stay In Kidney - (2)

    Ureteral stents are most often used when you need treatment for kidney stones. The team at Stone Relief Center may insert a ureteral stent if you need a ureteroscopy or when using shock waves or a laser to break down the stones.

    In addition to keeping the ureter open so you can urinate, the stent helps tiny pieces of stone travel through the ureter without causing a blockage.

    Ureteral stents are not routinely used for everyone having their kidney stones removed. However, chances are youll need a stent if you have an infection when the ureter was blocked by the stone, or if the stones are large. The doctor may also insert a ureteral stent before removing kidney stones if you only have one kidney.

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    Placing The Stent Using A Cystoscope

    You will need to have a small procedure to have a stent placed in your body. A doctor will use a small camera called a cystoscope. This camera goes up your urethra into the bladder. The doctor finds the ureter and passes the stent through the camera. To remove the stent, a doctor will again use the cystoscope. Removing a stent is another small procedure. 8

    Will I Have Symptoms Due To My Ureteral Stent

    When you have a ureteral stent, its normal to experience:

    • Blood in your urine
    • Mild-to-moderate burning during urination
    • Abdominal cramps due to spasms in the ureter or bladder

    Its not normal to stop urinating or to pass tiny dribbles of urine. You also should not have constantly dark, bloody urine, clots in your urine, severe pain, or a fever. If any of these symptoms develop, contact Stone Relief Center immediately.

    If you have questions about ureteral stents, call Stone Relief Center or schedule an appointment online.

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    How Can I Prepare

    Not all people with bladder cancer need stents. Tumors grow in different places in the bladder. They are also different sizes and stages. It is possible the cancer may not be close to a ureter. If your doctor says you need a ureteral stent, it is likely for a good reason. Your doctor will consider your age, how healthy you are, and what stage of cancer you have to make a treatment plan that is best. Learning about ureteral stents and talking to your doctor are good ways to prepare.

    How Is A Stent Removed

    Female Ureteral Stent Removal – At Home

    Stents can be removed two different ways. Sometimes a string has been left attached to the end of the stent. This string is allowed to come out of the patients urethra . The string can be used to pull on the stent and remove it. If a string is not attached, numbing medication is usually administered, and a small camera called a cystoscope is inserted into the urethra. The cystoscope is advanced into the bladder along with a grasping instrument, which grasps and removes the stent.

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    What To Expect Back Home

    At hospital discharge, your doctor or nurse will give you instructions for rest, driving, and doing physical activities after the procedure.

    Because surgical instruments were inserted into your urinary tract, you may experience urinary symptoms for some time after surgery. These symptoms usually disappear in a few weeks.

    Symptoms may include:

    • a mild burning feeling when urinating
    • small amounts of blood in the urine
    • mild discomfort in the bladder area or kidney area when urinating
    • need to urinate more frequently or urgently
    • pain resulting from an internal abrasion that needs time to heal

    Try to drink fluids often but in small quantities. Sometimes a blood clot can cause pain . The urine contains a substance that will dissolve this clot.

    If the pain remains despite the use of pain medication, contact the hospital or your doctor.

    While You Have A Stent

    • Some discomfort is normal. Certain movements may trigger pain or a feeling that you need to urinate. You may also feel mild soreness or pressure before or during urination. These symptoms will go away a few days after the stent is removed.

    • Medicine to control pain or bladder spasms or to prevent infection may be prescribed. Take this as directed.

    • Drink plenty of fluids to help flush out your urinary tract.

    • Your urine may be slightly pink or red. This is due to bleeding caused by minor irritation from the stent. This may happen on and off while you have the stent.

    • As with any synthetic device placed in the body, there is a risk of infection. The stent may have to be removed if this happens.

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    When To Call Your Healthcare Provider

    Contact your healthcare provider right away if:

    • Your urine contains blood clots or you see a large amount of blood-tinged urine

    • You have symptoms similar to those you had before the stent was placed

    • You constantly leak urine

    • You have a fever over 100.4°F , or as advised by your health care provider

    • You have chills

    • You experience nausea or vomiting

    • Your pain is not relieved with medicine

    • The end of the stent comes out of the urethra

    • You experience new or worsening symptoms

    How Is It Done

    How Long Should Stents Stay In Kidney - (3)

    Ureteric stenting can be done in two ways:

    • It can be done through the kidneys via a nephrostomy

    If you need a nephrostomy tube as well as ureteric stenting, your doctor may do both procedures at the same time. It is done by initially performing the nephrostomy and then using the nephrostomy to insert the stent into the ureters. This process is usually done in a radiology department under Ultrasound and x-ray guidance. General anaesthesia is usually not required for this and the procedure can be performed using sedation.

    • It can also be done through the urinary bladder using a camera called a cystoscope or ureteroscope. Your doctor will pass a camera through the water passage and will access the urinary bladder. Once in the bladder, the lower opening of ureters can be seen through which the stent can be passed upwards to the kidney. It is usually done under general anaesthetic and using x-ray guidance in an operation theatre.

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    How Long Should Stent Stay In Kidney For Kidney Stones

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    When Is A Kidney Stent Used

    Although there are different types of stents, they all serve the same purpose. The purpose of a stent is to allow drainage of urine from the kidneys to the bladder, whenever there is blockage of the ureters.

    Ureteric Stent is sometimes used in the following circumstances:

    • When it is essential to relieve obstruction on a temporary basis, before treatment of the underlying condition is carried out.

    • It is not possible to identify what has caused an obstruction and immediate treatment is necessary.

    • Following an operation on the ureters. It takes time for the ureters to heal, so stents are used as a temporary measure to prevent obstruction and allow the ureters to heal properly.

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    How To Remove Your Stent

  • Wash and clean your hands thoroughly
  • It is important to try and relax. This will make removal easier.
  • Take hold of the string and with a firm, steady motion, pull the stent until it is out. Remember that it is approximately 25-30 cm long. This will feel uncomfortable but it should not be painful.
  • Once the stent is removed you will probably experience some pain the next time you pass urine and you may also notice blood in your urine. This is quite normal and it will pass.

    Make sure you drink enough fluid to keep your urine a pale yellow colour. This will reduce the likelihood of blood clots in your urine.

    If you feel that you are unable to remove the stent by yourself, dont be concerned. Contact Urology Associates and arrange a time to have the stent removed by a nurse.

    What Should I Know About Ureteral Stents

    Kidney Stone Stent with String Removal, pain information and some advice

    A ureteral stent is a flexible, hollow tube thats inserted into one or both ureters. The ureters are the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. A stent is placed in a ureter to maintain the flow of urine.

    The top of the stent has a small curl that holds it inside the kidney. Then the stent goes through the ureter and the opposite end curls inside the bladder. Some ureteral stents also have a string on the bottom end that goes through the urethra and is visible outside the body.

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    Inserting A Kidney Stent

    The procedure for inserting a ureteric stent is relatively straight-forward. A patient is usually placed under general anesthetic before inserting the stent. A special telescope called a cystoscope is then passed through the urethra into the bladder.

    The stent is then placed into the ureter and kidney via the opening of the ureter in the bladder. The correct position of a stent is then checked by taking an x-ray.

    What Can Cause A Blocked Ureteral Tube

    Kidney stones are the most common reason for placing a ureteral stent. Other reasons include stricture , and outside forces such as a tumor pushing on the ureter and causing a blockage.

    Inflamed, swollen, or damaged ureteral tubes in need of healing may have a stent placed to keep the kidney draining during the healing process.

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    What Can I Do The First Week After Surgery

    • Try to drink enough fluids: 1.5 litres daily throughout the day to facilitate urine flow and the spontaneous loss of small stone fragments.
    • Try not to have sex within the first week after the procedure to avoid urinary tract infections.
    • Eat more vegetables and less meat to have softer stoolthe inner healing process will be helped if you do not have to squeeze when using the toilet.
    • Allow your body to rest during the first week after the procedureyou are allowed to lift a maximum of 5 kg and to go for walks. You can start cycling and exercising after this period.


    How long can you keep a stent in your kidney? ›

    A ureteral stent may be left in place for several days or for as long as several months. Your doctor will take it out when you no longer need it. Or, in some cases, it may be taken out at home.

    Can I remove my kidney stent early? ›

    Ureteral stent is usually removed four to six weeks after renal transplantation (7). It seems that early removal of ureteral stent after the surgery decreases some complications such as urinary tract infection, bladder irritation symptoms, and persistent hematuria.

    What happens if kidney stent is not removed? ›

    Forgotten ureteral stents can cause a spectrum of complications ranging from hematuria, stent occlusion, migration, fragmentation, encrustation, and stone formation to serious complications like recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI), urinary tract obstruction, and renal failure [5], [6].

    How long should a stent be left in after kidney stone surgery? ›

    A ureteral stent is typically removed four to seven days after surgery during a short office procedure, although sometimes the stent must stay in longer. Most patients stay awake when a stent is removed, but you may have a numbing gel applied to your urethra (your urinary tract opening) before the procedure.

    How often should kidney stents be replaced? ›

    Stent replacement

    Your stent will need to be replaced about every 3 to 6 months. Your healthcare provider will tell you when it needs to be changed. Leaving your stent in place for too long can lead to: Your ureter becoming blocked.

    Do kidney stents need to be removed? ›

    Most ureteral stents are temporary. Your healthcare provider will perform another procedure to remove the stent after the kidney stone passes, infection clears up or other problems resolve. You'll probably have the stent for a few days or weeks. Some people need stents for months or years.

    Is it painful to remove kidney stent? ›

    Once the stent is removed you will probably experience some pain the next time you pass urine and you may also notice blood in your urine. This is quite normal and it will pass.

    Can stents damage kidneys? ›

    Conclusions: Chronic renal failure caused by encrusted stents in a functionally solitary kidney is a disastrous complication of forgotten stents. Prevention is, of course, ideal, but such cases are still seen despite increasing awareness.

    Why are kidney stents so painful? ›

    A3: There are two "pigtail" curls on the stent, one in the kidney and one in the bladder. The curl resting in the bladder will irritate the lining of the bladder and trigger spasms. Bladder spasms give the patient the severe and immediate urge to urinate.

    How do I know if my kidney stent is failing? ›

    Some symptoms are not normal with a stent in place, and you should see your doctor. These include: Constant dark bloody urine that does not ease up with increased fluid intake. Thick clots or tissue in the urine that is causing any difficulty urinating.

    What are the long term side effects of a kidney stent? ›

    [1] Ureteric stents are not complication free. Stent related complications are primarily mechanical; including stent migration, encrustation, stone formation and fragmentation. Stents act as foreign bodes and may cause urinary tract infection, pyonephrosis that may lead to nonfunctioning kidney.

    Can you live with a stent in your kidney? ›

    You should be able to carry on with your usual life with a ureteric stent in place, but you are likely to be able to feel its presence most of the time. Side effects are usually quite mild, but there is a risk that they may become severe.

    Can you remove a kidney stone stent at home? ›

    How do I remove my ureteric stent? A stent can be removed using the string which is attached to the stent when it is inserted during your operation. You can either remove the stent yourself at home (see over the page on how to do this) or you can come back to hospital and have the stent removed for you.

    Can you refuse a stent after kidney stone surgery? ›

    Conclusion: Routine placement of a ureteral stent is not mandatory in patients without complications after ureteroscopic lithotripsy for impacted ureteral stones.

    Why do they leave a stent in for kidney stones? ›

    The stent allows urine to drain easily from the kidney into the bladder. The stent is often used when there is a blockage in the ureter (for example, from a kidney stone) and allows urine to drain around the blockage.

    What is the lifespan of stents? ›

    They are made to be permanent — once a stent is placed, it's there to stay. In cases when a stented coronary artery does re-narrow, it usually happens within 1 to 6 months after placement.

    Does a kidney stent improve kidney function? ›

    Conclusions—In patients with chronic renal insufficiency and global obstructive atherosclerotic renovascular disease, renal artery stenting improves or stabilizes renal function and preserves kidney size.

    Can a stent damage your ureter? ›

    Abstract. Ureteral stents are one of the most commonly used devices in the treatment of benign and malignant urological diseases. However, they are associated with common complications including encrustation, infection, pain and discomfort caused by ureteral tissue irritation and possibly irregular peristalsis.

    Do they remove anesthesia for kidney stents? ›

    Book your stent removal procedure Now

    The procedure is performed under local anesthesia which means that there is no need of fasting, no need of anesthesia and no need of stay in the hospital. It just takes 10 seconds to remove the stent.

    Does it hurt to pee after stent removal? ›

    After the stent removal, you may need to urinate often. You may have some burning during and after urination for a day or two. It may help to drink lots of fluids (unless your doctor tells you not to). This also helps prevent a urinary tract infection.

    Can I drive after kidney stent removal? ›

    Your physical activity is to be restricted, especially during the first weeks of recovery. During this time use the following guidelines: NO lifting heavy objects (anything greater than 10 lbs) for 4 weeks. NO driving a car and limit long car rides for 2 weeks.

    When should a ureteral stent be removed? ›

    When should the stent be removed? In some cases the stent can be removed just a few days after the procedure, while in other cases your Urologist may recommend that it stay in place longer. In general, a stent should be removed (or exchanged) within 3 months.

    What happens when a stent is left in too long? ›

    If left in place for too long, a stent can become encrusted with a “crystal” (stone-like) coating on its surface. This does not normally cause problems although it may worsen some urinary side-effects (especially pain & bleeding).

    Can a kidney stent get clogged? ›

    Ureteral stent obstruction is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality from renal failure. Alternative options for decompression include tandem ureteral stents but the amount of material in the bladder may severely impair the quality of life.

    How can I make a kidney stent more comfortable? ›

    Taking an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol), before going to bed may help reduce stent-related discomfort while you sleep. Ibuprofen may be more effective for stent-related pain due to its combined pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects.

    How do you know if something is wrong with your stent? ›

    Symptoms will usually tell you if there's a problem.

    Sometimes heart problems return after a stent procedure. If that happens, you usually have symptoms—like chest pain, fatigue, or shortness of breath. If you do have symptoms, a stress test can help your doctor see what's going on.

    Does a kidney stent make you pee more? ›

    Side Effects and Symptoms After Stent Placement

    Once a kidney stone stent is implanted, you can expect to notice some changes in your body, including some symptoms of discomfort as your body recovers after the stent's placement. Symptoms may include a frequent urge to urinate, which will likely decrease over time.

    What are the cons of stents? ›

    More serious complications are less common but can include:
    • damage to the artery where the sheath was inserted.
    • allergic reaction to the contrast agent used during the procedure.
    • damage to an artery in the heart.
    • excessive bleeding requiring a blood transfusion.
    • heart attack, stroke or death.

    Can a kidney stone pass with a stent in place? ›

    Conclusions: A small, but clinically significant percentage of ureteral stones pass spontaneously with a ureteral stent in place. Small stone size is associated with an increased likelihood of spontaneous passage in patients with indwelling stents.

    Do you get anesthesia for stent removal? ›

    Introduction: Double J (DJ) stents are often removed under local anesthesia using a rigid cystoscope. Patients experience significant pain during this procedure and also continue to have discomfort during voiding for a few days.

    How do I know if my ureteral stent is blocked? ›

    Symptoms of a blocked ureter or urinary tract obstruction include: Pain in your abdomen, lower back or sides below your ribs (flank pain). Fever, nausea or vomiting. Difficulty urinating or emptying your bladder.

    How serious is having a kidney stent put in? ›

    Many patients do not experience problems with the stents. In the majority of the patients experiencing side effects they are minor and tolerable. However sometimes they can be moderate to severe in nature. A small amount of blood in the urine.

    Can stents cause kidney damage? ›

    Conclusions: Chronic renal failure caused by encrusted stents in a functionally solitary kidney is a disastrous complication of forgotten stents. Prevention is, of course, ideal, but such cases are still seen despite increasing awareness.

    Is kidney stent major surgery? ›

    Ureteral stents can also help your ureter heal if there is any damage from other causes. The stent may cause some discomfort, but you can continue your normal activities with a stent in place. Removing the stent requires a minor in-office procedure by your doctor.

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